A tradução de ônus da prova: contextos
Dando seguimento ao tema inaugurado na semana passada, selecionamos abaixo algumas exemplos1 em que a expressão burden of proof ocorre naturalmente e apresentamos algumas sugestões de tradução:
1- atribuir/impor o ônus da prova a alguém
"In fact, there is really nothing society can do to compensate people who are wrongly convicted. That's one big reason why our criminal justice system puts such a strong burden of proof on the prosecution."
"More important, in stark contrast to American standards, British libel law imposes the burden of proof on the author or journalist to prove the truth of an allegation if an action is brought against him."
"The relevant statutory provision should be 'read down' so as to impose an evidential burden only on the defendant thus ensuring compatibility with the Convention."2
"Leaders of the braceros' campaign say it's unfair that the burden of proof is being placed on these aging men, many of whom still can not read [.]"
2 - [deixar de] atender/cumprir/satisfazer o ônus da prova
"But the FTC suffered a setback in June when an administrative law judge ruled that the agency had "failed to meet its burden of proof" for allegations that ScheringPlough Corp. had illegally paid off a generic drug manufacturer to keep the cheaper brand of a popular drug off the market."
"In order to meet that burden of proof, Larry Birkhead would like to get a DNA test and would like to have that baby swabbed."
"None of this was sufficient to satisfy the state's burden of proof that a murder occurred [.]"
3 - caber o ônus da prova a alguém
4 - carregar o ônus da prova
"Often in legal questions, the party that bears the burden of proof has a much harder go of it than the other party."
"Given human fallibility, however, the burden of proof rests on those who would use violence."
5 - exigir [de alguém] o ônus da prova
6 - inverter o ônus da prova
1 Todos os exemplos foram extraídos do Corpus of Contemporary American English (), salvo quando indicado o contrário.
2 Fonte do exemplo: ().